Efficiency and cost-effectiveness are key parameters when choosing a heating system. The price of energy is quite high, its zealous owners of apartments and private houses try reasonably. These two parameters underlie the development of an innovative infrared heating system Infrapanel.
The article we have proposed will help you find out how infrared heating of a private house works. We will tell you how and how you can set up IR heating. You will learn what equipment is needed to achieve the intended goal and how to fix it.
For you, we have collected and systematized all the information on the types of infrared heating systems and the criteria for their selection. For visual perception attached collections of photos, informative diagrams and video presentations.
The principle of infrared heating
In nature, infrared radiation enters the spectral region of electromagnetic waves emitted by the main “luminary” of our system – the Sun. Thanks to the invisible wave spectrum emitted by it on our planet, all living beings are capable of developing .
Scientists infrared radiation , which is known as “thermal”, is divided into three components, highlighting the near, middle and far spectrum.
The most effective for heating and the safest for living organisms are the electromagnetic waves that immediately follow the visible red side of the mid-spectrum.
The range of radiation wavelengths, called “life rays”, varies from 8 to 14 microns. In several sources, the “life” range is slightly increased: from 6 to 20 microns. However, even these discrepancies in testimony are not critical.
It is the long-wave spectrum, which has a value close to the radiation of the human body, is involved in the development of equipment and the arrangement of the heating system with infrared heaters.
Infrared installations can be considered a kind of mini sun. The only difference from natural “luminaire” is that they will constantly heat the space, regardless of the weather conditions outside the room. Such installations operate in everyday life from a 220V network.
The heater, which is the main component of the device, propagates light waves. Thanks to the reflector, during the operation of the equipment, the object at which the device is directed heats up.
The role of “receivers” and then “emitters” of heat can be played by any objects in the room: ceramic and stone objects, wooden and glass surfaces, living organisms.
Items take heat or transfer it to a nearby space. In the process of operating the equipment, the surfaces of the interior elements in the radiation zone are 7-10 degrees warmer than the ambient air.
Infrared heating is perfectly combined with other traditional heating methods, making it easy to organize a “heat island” – a zone of increased comfort in any room with minimal effort.
Both on a domestic and industrial scale, this type of heating is convenient to use as auxiliary or emergency heating. Heat losses during use on average do not exceed 10%.